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Caractérisation multi-échelle de l’écoulement de mousses en milieux poreux en contexte EOR

Abstract : Foam has long been used as a mobility control agent in Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) processes to enhance sweep efficiency and overcome gravity segregation, viscous fingering and gas channeling, which are gas-related problems when the latter is injected alone in the reservoir. However, the systematic use of foam in reservoir engineering requires more in-depth knowledge of its dynamics in porous media. The literature shows two types of experimental approaches based either on petrophysical studies carried out on 3D porous systems and based on pressure measurements, or on microfluidic studies that allow direct visualization of foam flow but are limited to 1D or 2D model systems. The research investigated in this thesis aims to bridge the gap between these two approaches. The proposed strategy is to characterize in situ the foam flow in 3D porous media with techniques providing a wide range of temporal and spatial resolutions. A coreflood setup giving access to classical petro-physical measurements was developed and then coupled to different observation cells designed specifically for each characterization instrument. First, an X-ray CT scanner was used to describe and visualize the foam flow at the core scale. The rheological behavior of foam on this scale was studied as a function of the injection conditions such as gas velocity and foam quality. Secondly, Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) was used to probe the foam structure in situ during the flow, on a wide length scale, up to three orders of magnitude in size. In situ foam texture (size and density of bubbles and lamellae) was measured for different foam qualities and at different propagation distances from the injection point. A comparison to the geometric characteristics of the porous medium was also realized. Thirdly, High Resolution Fast X-ray Micro-tomography on a Synchrotron was used to visualize the foam flow at the pore scale. This allowed to confirm visually some foam characteristics measured with SANS and to investigate on local intermittent gas trapping and mobilization. This study is an important step in the multi-scale characterization of foam flow in 3D porous media and provides some answers to certain generally accepted assumptions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 22, 2020 - 3:34:58 PM
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Chakib Ouali. Caractérisation multi-échelle de l’écoulement de mousses en milieux poreux en contexte EOR. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Sorbonne Universite, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02448915⟩



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