In-Cylinder Thermographic PIV Combined with Phosphor Thermometry using ZnO:Zn - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Engine Research Year : 2023

In-Cylinder Thermographic PIV Combined with Phosphor Thermometry using ZnO:Zn

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Abstract

Two-dimensional thermographic particle image velocimetry (T-PIV) is presented for the in situ measurement in optically accessible internal combustion (IC) engines. Temperature and velocity measurements are combined using thermographic phosphor particles as tracers for PIV. For three commercially available phosphors (BAM:Eu2+, ZnO, and ZnO:Zn), temperature sensitivity, luminescence intensity at high temperatures and laser-fluence dependence were evaluated for phosphor-coated surfaces in a high-temperature cell. ZnO:Zn was identified as the best-suited candidate for engine in-cylinder measurements and further analyzed in the aerosolized state at temperatures up to 775 K to generate calibration data required for signal quantification in engine experiments. T-PIV was successfully applied in the IC engine to simultaneously obtain instantaneous two-dimensional velocity and temperature fields using the intensity-ratio method. Despite a measurement uncertainty (±1σ basis) of only 3.7 K at 317 K (1.2%) to 24.4 K (4.2%) at 575 K, this technique suffers from low signal intensities due to thermal quenching at increasing temperatures, which leads to reduced accuracy as the piston approaches top dead center. Thermographic measurements were successful to visualize local temperature changes due to evaporative cooling after fuel injection. The measured mean gas temperatures agreed well with zero-dimensional simulations that use additional wall-temperature measurements from thermographic phosphor measurements based on the lifetime method as input for heat transfer calculations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03945496 , version 1 (18-01-2023)

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Cite

Andreas Kopf, Valerio Frattina, Michele Bardi, Torsten Endres, Gilles Bruneaux, et al.. In-Cylinder Thermographic PIV Combined with Phosphor Thermometry using ZnO:Zn. International Journal of Engine Research, 2023, 24 (1), pp.113-131. ⟨10.1177/14680874211048559⟩. ⟨hal-03945496⟩

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