Impact of diesel and detergent contamination on gasoline low-speed pre-ignition and their characterization using unwashed gums - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fuel Year : 2022

Impact of diesel and detergent contamination on gasoline low-speed pre-ignition and their characterization using unwashed gums

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Abstract

Fuel composition variability affects many aspects of engine operation. This includes the propensity to trigger abnormal combustions. Fuel logistic can lead to incorporating different contaminants into gasoline. Diesel fuel or over-concentrated detergent additives are two examples. They require a qualification and quantification within the gasoline fuel and an evaluation of their impact on engine performances. We consider both contaminants in this work and it addresses simultaneously their identification within a gasoline fuel and their impact on abnormal combustion. The study evaluates contaminants propensity to trigger Low Speed Pre-Ignition (LSPI). The latter is a stochastic abnormal combustion leading to engine damage related to fuel quality. A novel method based on unwashed gums is used to characterize qualitatively and quantitatively these contaminants. Engine tests led to the conclusion that diesel contamination contributes to increase LSPI frequency and severity. However, this increase depends on the base fuel heavy aromatic content. Deposit control additive (DCA) increases slightly LSPI frequency compared to diesel contaminant. The study also suggests that such additive can contribute to recover a less sensitive combustion system once it has been running with a diesel contaminated gasoline. Finally, this work explores the possibility of correlating fuel propensity to trigger LSPI through unwashed gums (UWG) measurement. It concludes that the approach seems sensible but requires further work to be confirmed.
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Dates and versions

hal-03911120 , version 1 (22-12-2022)

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Thierry Colliou, Lucia Giarracca, Dorothée Lahaussois, Tatsuya Sasaki, Yohei Fukazawa, et al.. Impact of diesel and detergent contamination on gasoline low-speed pre-ignition and their characterization using unwashed gums. Fuel, 2022, 318, pp.122754. ⟨10.1016/j.fuel.2021.122754⟩. ⟨hal-03911120⟩

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