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Chemical Looping Combustion of Petcoke using Two Natural Ores in a 10 KW th Continuous Pilot Plant: A Performance Comparison

Abstract : Chemical looping combustion (CLC) technology has emerged as one of the most important clean fossil fuel combustion technologies, because it allows for sequestration of CO2 with a minimal increase in energy requirements and fuel demand in comparison to traditional plants. In the framework of the Chinese–European Emission-Reducing Solutions project, the core technology of the CLC process is being developed in a 3 MWth system prototype for demonstration in an operational environment using petcoke as fuel. One of the main objectives is the selection of the oxygen carrier because it will impact the design and sizing of the demonstration unit as well as the nominal power of the unit. Two minerals, ilmenite T1 and LY Mn ore, with high potential for a well-performing oxygen carrier were tested in a 10 kWth continuous pilot unit. The collected fines were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray fluorescence analysis to characterize the compositional and morphological evolution of the particles during operation. The performance of both oxygen carriers was compared with respect to solid fuel conversion, capacity for oxygen transfer, and particle lifetime in continuous circulation. A higher methane conversion can be obtained using ilmenite, while LY Mn is better at converting petcoke. Where the reduction potential of oxygen carriers is concerned, it was observed that LY Mn ore has a high initial R0ΔX value (R0ΔX = 0.8), which leads to a shorter activation period in comparison to ilmenite T1, which requires a longer activation period to reach its full potential. LY Mn ore is however more sensitive to attrition than ilmenite, under similar operating conditions, which is a critical characteristic for large-scale deployment. Finally, key operating parameters were identified for large-scale unit operation, including fuel reactor temperature, oxygen carrier flow rate, and fuel flow rate.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03703965
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Submitted on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 2:32:20 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:15:21 AM

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Nicolas Vin, Kristina Bakoc, Arnold Lambert, William Pelletant, Stéphane Bertholin. Chemical Looping Combustion of Petcoke using Two Natural Ores in a 10 KW th Continuous Pilot Plant: A Performance Comparison. Energy & Fuels, American Chemical Society, 2022, 560, pp.113486. ⟨10.1021/acs.energyfuels.2c00439⟩. ⟨hal-03703965⟩

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