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Impact of Adsorption Kinetics on Pollutant Dispersion in Water Flowing in Nanopores: A Lattice Boltzmann Approach to Stationary and Transient Conditions

Abstract : We investigate the strong impact of adsorption thermodynamics and kinetics on particle dispersion using a robust numerical scheme: Lattice Boltzmann simulation within the Two Relaxation Time framework. By modeling the transport of both non-adsorbing and adsorbing molecules in simple pore structures, we highlight the key role played by the adsorption/desorption ratio and the initial concentration (for different adsorption models Henry, Langmuir, etc.). Considering small or leads to small or negligible adsorption impact on transport. However, for larger values, adsorption significantly alters transport as it drastically increases the dispersion of the adsorbing particles within the confining geometry. Our results highlight the need to include a robust thermodynamic modeling framework in transport equations when considering complex pollutants as they display a rich and complex physicochemical behavior. This includes surfactants, which are at the core of the present work, but also molecules of emerging concern such as heavy metals, microplastics, pharmaceuticals, etc. As illustrated here, with complex interfacial effects, large deviations can be observed in both the predicted adsorbed amounts and transport dispersion coefficients when compared to molecules with more conventional adsorption properties.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 9:48:43 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 4:03:52 AM

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Zaineb Zaafouri, Guillaume Batôt, Carlos Nieto-Draghi, Benoit Coasne, Daniela Bauer. Impact of Adsorption Kinetics on Pollutant Dispersion in Water Flowing in Nanopores: A Lattice Boltzmann Approach to Stationary and Transient Conditions. Advances in Water Resources, Elsevier, 2022, 162, pp.104143. ⟨10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104143⟩. ⟨hal-03619397⟩

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