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Water evaporation model of a catalyst converter in the context of hybrid electric vehicles energy and pollutants management

Abstract : The energy and pollutants management of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) consists in determining at each instant the optimal torque split between the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and the Electric Motor (EM). This torque choice aims to minimize both fuel consumption and pollutants emissions. A critical piece of information in this context is the value of the Three-Way Catalyst Converter (3WCC) conversion efficiency. This value is highly dependent on the 3WCC temperature; it is hence of major importance to have an accurate estimation of it. Although the literature is abundant about simple 0D thermal models of 3WCC, it is tempting to implement a more accurate and consequently complex model. In particular, both moisture from the exhaust gases during engine start and from ambient air during cooling phases lead to the formation of a liquid water film on the monolith's exchange surface, causing a strong temperature plateau during the warm-up phase. The water evaporation causing a delay in the 3WCC temperature increase, it could lead to a serious degradation of the pollutants emissions if not taken into account. This paper proposes hence a 1D thermal model including water phase changing that allows a 72% decrease in the 3WCC temperature estimation error during the warm up phase. This accuracy gain, occurring in a phase where the converter temperature has not reached its full efficiency, provides a 1-2% reduction in CO, HC and NOx emissions.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03525513
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 10:28:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:22:23 AM

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Jean Kuchly, Maxime Doussot, Antoine Simon, Thierry Jaine, Dominique Nelson-Gruel, et al.. Water evaporation model of a catalyst converter in the context of hybrid electric vehicles energy and pollutants management. IFAC-PapersOnLine, Elsevier, 2021, 54 (10), pp.290-297. ⟨10.1016/j.ifacol.2021.10.178⟩. ⟨hal-03525513⟩

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