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Toward the Assessment of Intrinsic Geometry of Implicit Brain MRI Manifolds

Karim Makki 1, 2 Ben Salem 3 Boulbaba Ben Amor 4 
2 FLUMINANCE - Fluid Flow Analysis, Description and Control from Image Sequences
IRMAR - Institut de Recherche Mathématique de Rennes, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement
Abstract : Principal and Gaussian curvatures are commonly used intrinsic metrics for geometric morphometrics analysis: to assess morphometric changes in brain geometry (developmental neuroimaging studies), to quantify shape deformation (organ motion assessment), or to analyze shape variability across subjects in musculoskeletal studies (statistical shape analysis of bones). However, most of existing algorithms for estimating curvatures act on explicit surfaces (triangle meshes), making them time consuming and sensitive to parameterization and neighborhood size. In this paper, we present a suite of fast and parameterization-free algorithms to estimate second order morphometric parameters given an implicit representation for the surface and without any loss of accuracy. We first show results for direct comparisons of our algorithms with a suite of popular algorithms for estimating curvatures of surfaces represented by triangular meshes. Then, in the context of brain imaging, methods were validated against developmental brain MRI data in which surface based analysis has very often failed. We also provided a modified version of the algorithm that can deal with a Freesurfer output surface mesh, and which was evaluated using an adult brain with more complicated folding patterns. Our algorithm provided a more realistic measures of intrinsic curvature for the white matter (mostly ranged between ±0.07 mm −2 ) which confirms its robustness. As compared to mesh-based algorithms, our algorithm reduces computation times from a few minutes to only a few seconds, showing a decrease by a factor of up to 7.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 3:06:18 PM
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Toward the Assessment of Intri...
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Karim Makki, Ben Salem, Boulbaba Ben Amor. Toward the Assessment of Intrinsic Geometry of Implicit Brain MRI Manifolds. IEEE Access, IEEE, 2021, 9, pp.131054-131071. ⟨10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3113611⟩. ⟨hal-03434988⟩



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