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Pore Pressure Prediction in Niger Delta High Pressure, High Temperature (HP/HT) Domains Using Well Logs and 3D Seismic Data: a Case Study of X-Field, Onshore Niger Delta

Abstract : Few wells targeting high temperature, high pressure intervals in most tertiary sedimentary basins have achieved their objective in terms of technicalities and cost. Since most shallow targets have been drilled, exploration focus is drifting into deeper plays both onshore and in deep ofshore areas. To ensure safe and economic drilling campaigns, pore pressure prediction methodologies used in the region needs to be improved. The research aims at generating and testing a modifcation of Eaton’s equation ft for high temperature, high pressure intervals on a feld. The evolution of pore pressure in the feld was established from ofset well data by making several crossplots, and fracture gradient was computed using Mathew and Kelly’s equation. Eaton’s equation parameters were then calibrated using several wells until a desired feld scale result was achieved when compared with information from already drilled intervals i.e., kicks and RFT data. Seismic velocity data resulting from high density, high resolution velocity analysis done to target deep overpressured intervals were then used to predict 1D pore pressure models at six selected prospect locations. Analyses reveal depths shallower than 3800 m TVD/MSL with geothermal gradient 3.0 °C/100 m and pressure gradient less than 1.50sg EMW are afected mainly by undercompaction; depths greater than 3800 m TVD/MSL with geothermal gradient of 4.1 °C/10 m and pressure gradients reaching 1.82–2.12sg EMW are afected by unloading with a narrow drilling margin for the deep highly pressured prospect intervals. Eaton’s n-exponent was modifed to 6, and it proved accurate in predicting high overpressure in the frst prospect wells drilled.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03432302
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 11:02:53 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 3:08:31 AM

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Abdulquadri Alabere, Olayemi Akangbe. Pore Pressure Prediction in Niger Delta High Pressure, High Temperature (HP/HT) Domains Using Well Logs and 3D Seismic Data: a Case Study of X-Field, Onshore Niger Delta. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, Springer, 2021, 11 (10), pp.3747 - 3758. ⟨10.1007/s13202-021-01264-5⟩. ⟨hal-03432302⟩

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