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From neogene thin-skin to recent thick-skin deformation in Haiti fold-and-thrust belt (Western Hispaniola)

Abstract : Haiti lies along the North Caribbean plate boundary, marked by two major left-lateral strike-slip faults. A southwest-verging Trans-Haitian fold-and-thrust belt (FTB), mostly affecting tertiary carbonate platform, developed in central Haiti between the two faults, south of the Massif du Nord and the San Juan–Los Pozos Fault Zone, as a result of north-south shortening. The large NW-SE antiformal Gonâve Island and Ridge mark the southwest termination of the FTB as it encountered the Southern Peninsula and Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault Zone. We show that this collision resulted in a tightening of the deformed wedge and thrust faults rooted deeper into the crust, leading to a transition from thin-skinned to thick-skinned tectonics in the Pliocene. These short- (3–6 km) and long- (15–30 km) wavelength folding deformations are temporally distinct in the north and more concomitant in the south, where compressional thin-skinned deformation is still active. The thick-skinned shortening was mostly expressed during the Quaternary, as shown by the formation of folds and uplift of terraces between 1.7 Ma and today. This thick-skinned detachment is characterised by a stronger imprint of strike-slip component, dragging the FTB to a more E-W direction in its northwest and southeast extremities. Understanding of the fault zone geometry of the recent 2010 Haiti earthquake (M = 7.2) could be reconsidered in the light of this tectonic transition.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:30:28 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:48:31 AM

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Jacques Dentzer, Manuel Pubellier, Nadine Ellouz-Zimmermann, Hildegonde Cenatus Amilcar, Helliot Amilcar, et al.. From neogene thin-skin to recent thick-skin deformation in Haiti fold-and-thrust belt (Western Hispaniola). Journal of Structural Geology, Elsevier, 2021, 151, pp.104414. ⟨10.1016/j.jsg.2021.104414⟩. ⟨hal-03388674⟩

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