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Modeling phase equilibrium of hydrogen and natural gas in brines: Application to storage in salt caverns

Abstract : In this work, the e-PPC-SAFT equation of state has been parameterized to predict phase equilibrium of the system H2 + CH4 + H2O + Na+Cl− in conditions of temperature, pressure and salinities of interest for gas storage in salt caverns. The ions parameters have been adjusted to match salted water properties such as mean ionic coefficient activities, vapor pressures and molar densities. Furthermore, binary interaction parameters between hydrogen, methane, water, Na+ and Cl− have been adjusted to match gas solubility data through Henry constant data. The validity ranges of this model are 0–200 °C for temperatures, 0–300 bar for pressures, and 0 to 8 molNaCl/kgH2O for salinities. The e-PPC-SAFT equation of state has then been used to model gas storage in salt caverns. The performance of a storage of pure methane, pure hydrogen and a mixture methane + hydrogen have been compared. The simulations of the storage cycles show that integrating up to 20% of hydrogen in caverns does not have a major influence on temperature, pressure and water content compared to pure methane storage. They also allowed to estimate the thermodynamic properties of the system during the storage operations, like the water content in the gaseous phase. The developed model constitutes thus an interesting tool to help size surface installations and to operate caverns.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03137117
Contributor : Catherine Belli <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 10, 2021 - 10:59:32 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 1:46:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 6:25:23 PM

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Juan Sebastian Roa Pinto, Pierre Bachaud, Tiphaine Fargetton, Nicolas Ferrando, Laurent Jeannin, et al.. Modeling phase equilibrium of hydrogen and natural gas in brines: Application to storage in salt caverns. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, 2021, 46 (5), pp.4229-4240. ⟨10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.10.242⟩. ⟨hal-03137117⟩

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