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Road Traffic Dynamic Pollutant Emissions Estimation : From Macroscopic Road Information to Microscopic Environmental Impact

Abstract : Air pollution poses a major threat to health and climate, yet cities lack simple tools to quantify the costs and effects of their measures and assess those that are most effective in improving air quality. In this work, a complete modeling framework to estimate road traffic microscopic pollutant emissions from common macroscopic road and traffic information is proposed. A machine learning model to estimate driving behavior as a function of traffic conditions and road infrastructure is coupled with a physics-based microscopic emissions model. The up-scaling of the individual vehicle emissions to the traffic-level contribution is simply performed via a meta-model using both statistical vehicles fleet composition and traffic volume data. Validation results with real-world driving data show that: the driving behavior model is able to maintain an estimation error below 10% for relevant boundary parameter of the speed profiles (i.e., mean, initial, and final speed) on any road segment; the traffic microscopic emissions model is able to reduce the estimation error by more than 50% with respect to reference macroscopic models for major pollutants such as NOx and CO2. Such a high-resolution road traffic emissions model at the scale of every road segment in the network proves to be highly beneficial as a source for air quality models and as a monitoring tool for cities.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03127930
Contributor : Nadine Couëdel <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 1, 2021 - 6:47:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 2, 2021 - 3:08:56 AM

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Giovanni de Nunzio, Mohamed Laraki, Laurent Thibault. Road Traffic Dynamic Pollutant Emissions Estimation : From Macroscopic Road Information to Microscopic Environmental Impact. Atmosphere, MDPI 2021, 12 (1), pp.53. ⟨10.3390/atmos12010053⟩. ⟨hal-03127930⟩

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