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Quantitative performance of forward fill/flush differential flow modulation for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Abstract : GC × GC is an advanced separation technique allowing to achieve quantitative and qualitative characterization of complex samples. In order to perform two-dimensional separation, the system must provide suitable peak modulation which will direct short impulses of first column flow towards the second column. Forward fill/ flush differential flow modulation is a cost effective and no cryogen requiring approach which allows modulation over a wide range of analytes with very different boiling points. However, optimization of the flow modulation process can be difficult to understand and quantification performance might be compromised if the parameters of the modulation process are not properly set. Modulated peak shape can be a good indication of the efficiency of the modulation process, however it is not sufficient to guarantee good quantification. Different average velocities in the beginning and the end of the thermally programmed GC run may cause different efficiency of the modulation process in various parts of the chromatogram. The purpose of this work is to investigate quantitative performance of the forward/fill flush modulation and delineate parameters that determine the effectiveness of the modulation process and its ability to properly reflect the quantitative composition of the investigated sample.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 7, 2020 - 3:04:54 PM
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Aleksandra Lelevic, Vincent Souchon, Christophe Geantet, Chantal Lorentz, Maxime Moreaud. Quantitative performance of forward fill/flush differential flow modulation for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2020, 1626, pp.461342. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2020.461342⟩. ⟨hal-02913111⟩



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