, A) Initial oil composition from SARA and GC traces. (B) Rock-Eval ® FID normalized by TOC versus the composition of most compounds released from 100 to 350 °C and then recovered in liquid phase by the dual vacuum and on-line system coupled to a Rock-Eval ® device -Application to an oil sample showing 39°API

M. Abrams, C. Gong, C. Garnier, and M. Sephton, A new thermal extraction protocol to evaluate liquid rich unconventional oil in place and in-situ fluid chemistry, Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol.88, pp.659-675, 2017.

D. Ariztegui, C. Chondrogianni, A. Lami, P. Guilizzoni, and E. Lafargue, Lacustrine organic matter and the Holocene paleoenvironmental record of Lake Albano (central Italy), Journal of Paleolimnology, vol.26, pp.283-292, 2001.

F. Baudin, N. Combourieu-nebout, and R. Zahn, Organic signatures of rapid climatic changes in Western Mediterranean during North Atlantic cold events of the Last Glacial, Bulletin Société Géologique de France, vol.178, pp.3-13, 2007.

F. Baudin, J. R. Disnar, P. Martinez, and B. Dennielou, Distribution of the organic matter in the channel-levees systems of the Congo mud-rich deep sea fan (West Africa). Implication for deep offshore petroleum source rocks and global carbon cycle, Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol.27, pp.995-1010, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00462126

F. Behar, M. Vandenbroucke, Y. Tang, F. Marquis, and J. Espitalié, Thermal cracking of kerogen in open and closed systems, Organic Geochemistry, vol.26, pp.321-339, 1997.

F. Behar, V. I. Beaumont, H. L. Penteado, and B. De, Rock-Eval 6 technology: performances and developments, Oil & Gas Science and Technology, vol.56, pp.111-134, 2001.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02053894

L. Biscara, T. Mulder, P. Martinez, F. Baudin, H. Etcheber et al., Transport of terrestrial organic matter in the Ogooué deep sea turbidite system (Gabon), Marine and Petroleum Geology 28, pp.1061-1072, 2011.

M. Boussafir, A. Sifeddine, J. Jacob, M. Foudi, R. C. Cordeiro et al., Petrographical and geochemical study of modern lacustrine sedimentary organic matter (Lagoa do Caco, Maranao, Brazil): relationship between early diagenesis, organic sedimentation and lacustrine filling, Organic Geochemistry, vol.47, pp.88-98, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00686432

S. E. Calvert, R. M. Bustin, and T. S. Pedersen, Lack of evidence for enhanced preservation of sedimentary organic-matter in the oxygen minimum of the Gulf of California, Geology, vol.20, pp.757-760, 1992.

M. Campy, V. Bichet, C. Di-giovanni, H. Richard, J. Richard et al., Evolution of the matter fluxes since 12,000 years in the high Doubs valley (France), Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 165, pp.381-400, 1994.

N. Combourieu-nebout, L. Londeix, F. Baudin, and J. L. Turon, Quaternary marine and continental paleoenvironments in the western Mediterranean (Site 976, Proceedings ODP Scientific Results 161, pp.457-468, 1999.

C. Di-giovanni, J. R. Disnar, V. Bichet, M. Campy, and B. Guillet, Geochemical characterization of soil organic matter and variability of a postglacial detrital organic supply, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 23, pp.1057-1069, 1998.

C. Di-giovanni, J. R. Disnar, J. P. Bakyono, D. Kéravis, F. Millet et al., Determination of eroded geological formations using organic matter characterization (Moulin basin, Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences Série II 331, pp.7-14, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00115387

J. R. Disnar, B. Guillet, D. Keravis, C. Di-giovanni, and D. Sebag, Soil organic matter (SOM) characterization by Rock-Eval pyrolysis: scope and limitations, Organic Geochemistry, vol.34, pp.327-343, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00069394

E. Duemichen, P. Eisentraut, M. Celina, and U. Braun, Automated thermal extraction-desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry: A multifunctional tool for comprehensive characterization of polymers and their degradation products, Journal of Chromatography A, vol.1592, pp.133-142, 2019.

J. Espitalié, J. L. Laporte, M. Madec, F. Marquis, P. Leplat et al., Méthode rapide de caractérisation des roches mères, de leur potentiel pétrolier et de leur degré d'évolution, Oil and Gas Science and Technology, vol.32, pp.23-42, 1977.

J. Espitalié, G. Deroo, and F. Marquis, La pyrolyse Rock-Eval et ses applications, pp.73-89, 1986.

R. S. Ganeshram, S. E. Calvert, T. F. Pedersen, and G. L. Cowie, Factors controlling the burial of organic carbon in laminated and bioturbated sediments off NW Mexico: implications for hydrocarbon preservation, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.63, pp.1723-1734, 1999.

Y. Graz, C. Di-giovanni, Y. Copard, N. Mathys, A. Cras et al., Annual fossil organic carbon delivery due to mechanical and chemical weathering of marly badlands areas, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, vol.37, pp.1263-1271, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00782723

A. A. Hare, Z. Z. Kuzyk, R. W. Macdonald, H. Sanei, D. Barber et al., Characterization of sedimentary organic matter in recent marine sediments from Hudson Bay, Canada, by Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Organic Geochemistry, vol.68, pp.52-60, 2014.

S. W. Harshman, M. H. Rubenstein, A. V. Qualley, M. Fan, B. A. Geier et al., Evaluation of thermal desorption analysis on a portable GC-MS system, International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, vol.97, pp.247-263, 2017.

P. Hatcher, A. Ravin, F. Behar, and F. Baudin, Diagenesis of organic matter in a 400 m organic rich sediment core from offshore Namibia using solid state 13C NMR and FTIR, Organic Geochemistry, vol.75, pp.8-23, 2014.

M. Hetényi, T. Nyilas, and T. M. Toth, Stepwise Rock-Eval pyrolysis as a tool for typing heterogeneous organic matter in soils, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.74, pp.45-54, 2005.

M. Hetényi and T. Nyilas, Soil organic matter characterization using S3 and S4 signals from Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Pedosphere, vol.24, pp.563-574, 2014.

J. Holtvoeth, S. Kolonic, and T. Wagner, Soil organic matter as an important contributor to late Quaternary sediments of the tropical West African continental margin, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.69, pp.2031-2041, 2005.

J. Holtvoeth, T. Wagner, B. Horsfield, and C. Schubert, Organic matter in riverinfluenced continental margin sediments: the land-ocean and climate linkage at the Late Quaternary Congo fan (ODP Site 1075), Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystem, vol.4, 2003.

J. Holtvoeth, T. Wagner, B. Horsfield, C. Schubert, and U. Wand, Late Quaternary supply of terrigenous organic matter to the Congo deep sea fan (ODP site 1075): Implications for equatorial African paleoclimate, Geo-Marine Letters, vol.21, pp.23-33, 2001.

M. Hussain and J. K. Warren, Source rock potential of shallow-water evaporates -an investigation in Holocene-Pleistocene salt flat sabkah (playa), Carbonates and Evaporites, vol.6, pp.217-224, 1991.

S. Inan, S. Qathami, M. Zahrani, and M. Alsobaie, Thermo-vaporization for decontaminating hydrocarbon source rocks, International Journal of Coal Geology, vol.189, pp.111-121, 2018.

J. Jacob, J. R. Disnar, M. Boussafir, A. Sifeddine, B. Turcq et al., Major environmental changes recorded by lacustrine sedimentary organic matter since the last glacial maximum near the equator (Lagoa do Caco, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.205, pp.183-197, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00022458

H. Kano, T. Okamotoa, S. Kitagawa, Y. Iiguni, H. Ohtani et al., A novel analytical pyrolysis device applicable for measurements of less volatile pyrolyzates, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.113, pp.165-173, 2015.

J. H. Kim, M. H. Park, U. Tsunogai, T. J. Cheong, B. J. Ryu et al., Geochemical characterization of the organic matter, pore water constituents and shallow methane gas in the eastern part of the Ulleung Basin, vol.16, pp.93-104, 2007.

G. M. King, J. E. Kostka, T. C. Hazen, and P. A. Sobecky, Microbial responses to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: from coastal wetlands to the deep sea, Annual Review of Marine Science, vol.7, pp.377-401, 2015.

E. Lafargue, F. Marquis, and D. Pillot, Rock-Eval 6 applications in hydrocarbon exploration, production and soils contamination studies, Oil and Gas Science and Technology, vol.53, pp.421-437, 1998.

S. R. Larter and A. G. Douglas, Pyrolysis methods in organic geochemistry: an overview, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.4, pp.1-19, 1982.

S. R. Larter and B. Horsfield, Determination of structural components of kerogens by the use of analytical pyrolysis methods, Organic Geochemistry: Principles and Applications, pp.271-287, 1993.

R. P. Lattimer, Direct analysis of polypropylene compounds by thermal desorption and pyrolysis-mass spectrometer, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.26, pp.65-92, 1993.

M. Lavrieux, J. R. Disnar, E. Chapron, J. G. Bréhéret, J. Jacob et al., A 6700 yr sedimentary record of climatic and anthropogenic signals in Lake Aydat, vol.23, pp.1317-1328, 2013.

P. Leinweber and H. Schulten, Advances in analytical pyrolysis of soil organic matter, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.49, pp.359-383, 1999.

C. Marchand, E. Lallier-vergès, J. R. Disnar, and D. Kéravis, Organic carbon sources and transformations in mangrove sediments: a Rock-Eval pyrolysis approach, Organic Geochemistry, vol.39, pp.408-421, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00267322

P. A. Meyers and E. Lallier-vergès, Lacustrine sedimentary organic matter records of Late Quaternary paleoclimates, Journal of Paleolimnology, vol.21, pp.345-372, 1999.

M. Nuelle, J. H. Dekiff, D. Remy, and E. Fries, A new analytical approach for monitoring microplastics in marine sediments, Environmental Pollution, vol.184, pp.161-169, 2014.

F. Nsaful, F. Collard, M. Carrier, and J. Gorgens, Lignocellulose pyrolysis with condensable volatiles quantification by thermogravimetric analysis-thermal desorption/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.116, pp.86-95, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01942872

S. Otto, T. Streibel, S. Erdmann, S. Klingbeil, D. Schulz-bull et al., Pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with electronionization or resonance-enhanced-multi-photon-ionization for characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Baltic Sea, Analytica Chimica Acta, vol.885, pp.60-69, 2015.

O. Ozcelik and M. Altunsoy, Organic facies characteristics of quaternary sediments, Gulfof Izmit, Marmara Sea, Turkey, International Geology Review, vol.42, pp.1017-1029, 2000.

D. Pillot, E. Deville, and A. Prinzhofer, Identification and quantification of carbonates species using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Oil and Gas Science and Technology 69, pp.341-349, 2014.

K. E. Peters and B. R. Simoneit, Rock-Eval pyrolysis of Quaternary sediments from leg-64, site 479 and site 480, Gulf of California, Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol.64, pp.925-931, 1982.

A. Riboulleau, N. Tribovillard, F. Baudin, V. Bout-roumazeilles, and T. Lyons, Unexpectedly low organic matter content in Cariaco Basin sediments during the Younger Dryas: origin and implications, Comptes Rendus Geosciences, vol.343, pp.351-359, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00600174

R. Mendoza, L. M. Balcer, and M. , Microplastics in freshwater environments: a review of quantification assessment, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol.113, pp.402-408, 2019.

M. Romero-sarmiento, D. Pillot, G. Letort, V. Lamoureux-var, V. Beaumont et al., New Rock-Eval method for characterization of shale plays, 14th Latin American Congress on Organic Geochemistry (ALAGO), 2014.

M. Romero-sarmiento, T. Euzen, S. Rohais, C. Jiang, and R. Littke, Artificial thermal maturation of source rocks at different thermal maturity levels: application to the Triassic Montney and Doig formations in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, Organic Geochemistry, vol.97, pp.148-162, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01395008

M. Romero-sarmiento, D. Pillot, G. Letort, V. Lamoureux-var, V. Beaumont et al., New Rock-Eval method for characterization of unconventional shale resource systems, Oil & Gas Science and Technology, vol.71, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01395102

M. Romero-sarmiento, S. Ramiro-ramirez, G. Berthe, M. Fleury, and R. Littke, Geochemical and petrophysical source rock characterization of the Vaca Muerta Formation, Argentina: implications for unconventional petroleum resource estimations, International Journal of Coal Geology, vol.184, pp.27-41, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01810316

M. Romero-sarmiento, A quick analytical approach to estimate both free versus sorbed hydrocarbon contents in liquid rich source rocks, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, vol.103, pp.2031-2043, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02395857

M. Romero-sarmiento, P. Cadeau, O. Sissmann, and V. Beaumont, Système et procédé pour la détermination de la composition chimique des composés contenus dans un échantillon, 2019.

B. E. Rosenheim, J. A. Santoro, M. Gunter, and E. W. Domack, Improving Antarctic sediment 14 C dating using ramped pyrolysis: an example from the Hugo Island trough, Radiocarbon, vol.55, pp.115-126, 2013.

A. Saenger, L. Cecillon, D. Sebag, and J. J. Brun, Soil organic carbon quantity, chemistry and thermal stability in a mountainous landscape: a Rock-Eval pyrolysis survey, Organic Geochemistry, vol.54, pp.101-114, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00827441

H. Sanei, L. D. Stasiuk, and F. Goodarzi, Petrological changes occurring in organic matter from recent lacustrine sediments during thermal alteration by Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Organic Geochemistry, vol.36, pp.1190-1203, 2005.

M. E. Seeley, Q. Wang, H. Bacosa, B. Rosenheim, and Z. Liu, Environmental petroleum pollution analysis using ramped pyzolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Organic Geochemistry, vol.124, pp.180-189, 2018.

J. M. Shultz, L. Walsh, D. R. Garfin, F. E. Wilson, and Y. Neria, The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill: the trauma signature of an ecological disaster, The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, vol.41, pp.58-76, 2014.

D. Sebag, J. R. Disnar, B. Guillet, D. Giovanni, C. Verrecchia et al., Monitoring organic matter dynamics in soil profiles by 'Rock-Eval pyrolysis': bulk characterization and quantification of degradation, European Journal of Soil Science, vol.57, pp.344-355, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00022652

D. Sebag, M. Debret, M. Obame, R. M. Ngomanda, A. Oslisly et al., Coupled Rock-Eval pyrolysis and spectrophotometry for lacustrine sedimentary dynamics: application for West Central African rainforests (Kamalete and Nguene lakes, vol.23, pp.1173-1183, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00861195

P. Steinmann, T. Adatte, and P. Lambert, Recent changes in sedimentary organic matter from Lake Neuchatel (Switzerland) as traced by Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, vol.96, pp.109-116, 2003.

F. Tamburini, T. Adatte, K. Follmi, S. M. Bernasconi, and P. Steinmann, Investigating the history of East Asian monsoon and climate during the last glacial-interglacial period (0-140000 years): mineralogy and geochemistry of ODP Sites 1143 and 1144, Marine Geology, vol.201, pp.147-168, 2003.

Y. C. Tang and M. Stauffer, Development of multiple cold trap pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.28, pp.167-174, 1994.

N. Tribovillard, V. Bout-roumazeilles, T. Algeo, T. W. Lyons, T. Sionneau et al., Paleodepositional conditions in the Orca Basin as inferred from organic matter and trace metal contents, Marine Geology, vol.254, pp.62-78, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00683633

N. Tribovillard, V. Bout-roumazeilles, T. Sionneau, J. C. Montero-serrano, A. Riboulleau et al., Organic-matter preservation and accumulation in an anoxic setting: the Orca Basin, Gulf of Mexico, Comptes Rendus Geosciences, vol.341, pp.1-9, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00371297

H. Volk and S. C. George, Using petroleum inclusions to trace petroleum systems -a review, Organic Geochemistry, vol.129, pp.99-123, 2019.

M. J. Wilson, S. Frickel, D. Nguyen, T. Bui, S. Echsner et al., A targeted health risk assessment following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in Vietnamese-American shrimp consumers, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol.152, pp.152-159, 2014.

H. Yanagisawa, Y. Kudo, K. Nakagawa, H. Miyagawa, F. Maruyama et al., Simultaneous screening of major flame retardants and plasticizers in polymer materials using pyrolyzer/thermal desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry (Py/TD-GC-MS), Molecules, vol.23, p.728, 2018.

S. Zengel, B. M. Bernik, N. Rutherford, Z. Nixon, and J. Michel, Heavily oiled salt marsh following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, ecological comparisons of shoreline cleanup treatments and recovery, PLoS One, vol.10, pp.1-27, 2015.

Z. Zhang, J. K. Volkman, X. Xie, and L. R. Snowdon, Stepwise pyrolysis of the kerogen from the Huadian oil shale, NE China: algaenan-derived hydrocarbons and mid-chain ketones, Organic Geochemistry, vol.91, pp.89-99, 2016.

Z. Zhang, J. K. Volkman, H. Lu, and C. Zhai, Sources of organic matter in the Eocene Maoming oil shale in SE China as shown by stepwise pyrolysis of asphaltene, Organic Geochemistry, vol.112, pp.119-126, 2017.

R. Zocatelli, B. Turcq, M. Boussafir, R. C. Cordeiro, J. R. Disnar et al., Late Holocene paleoenvironmental changes in Northeast Brazil recorded by organic matter in lacustrine sediments of Lake Boqueirao, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.363, pp.127-134, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00730933