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Characterization of liquid-liquid extraction fractions from lignocellulosic biomass by high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated to tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry

Abstract : The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass is a major challenge in the field of renewable energies and bio-based chemicals. The diversity of biomasses and processes leads to complex products having a wide range of polarities and molecular weights. Nowadays, the molecular description of these oxygenated matrices is still largely incomplete and new analytical strategies are required to have a better understanding of biomass products properties. The present study proposes a reliable protocol based on successive liquid–liquid extractions prior to high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated to high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MSn) using a linear ion trap-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (LTQ/FT-ICR). The protocol allowed to fractionate an industrial sample coming from the sulfuric acid-based pretreatment of a wheat straw into four key chemical families: carbohydrates, organic acids, phenols and neutral compounds. Each fraction was separately analyzed, which limited matrix effects during mass spectrometry ionization step. Electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization sources were used in both positive and negative modes in order to ionize and detect a maximum of compounds. Thanks to HPLC/MSn, structures of heavy lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCC) were elucidated (up to 600 g/mol) as well as carbohydrate oligomers having acid functionalities. Mono, di, tri and tetra-aromatic compounds coming from lignin were also detected. The results reported in this paper demonstrate the complexity of pretreated biomass samples and propose an analytical approach from sample simplification to data treatment in order to describe the biomass composition.
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https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02551353
Contributor : Catherine Belli <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 22, 2020 - 8:49:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 4:38:31 PM

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Carole Reymond, Alexis Dubuis, Agnès Le Masle, Cyril Colas, Ludovic Chahen, et al.. Characterization of liquid-liquid extraction fractions from lignocellulosic biomass by high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated to tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2020, 1610, pp.460569. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2019.460569⟩. ⟨hal-02551353⟩

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