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Journal Articles Magnetic Resonance Imaging Year : 2019

Diffusion of water in industrial cement and concrete

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Marc Fleury
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Thibaud Chevalier

Abstract

We propose a deuterium diffusion tracer approach to measure diffusion coefficient in the case of very short NMR relaxation times, too short for NMR pulsed field gradient sequences (T1 or T2 below 1 ms). We also treat the case of porous media containing metallic fibers (such as reinforced concrete) strongly disturbing the magnetic field, and the case of inhomogeneous porous media containing large non porous granulates. For the latter, we propose a hollow geometry maximizing the investigated volume and minimizing the experimental time. The method is a 3D diffusion technique in which samples are immersed in deuterium and the water content inside the sample is monitored as a function of time. Water diffusing outside the sample with very long relaxation times can be subtracted either from T2 relaxation time distribution or not polarizing these components using a short repeat delay. Using analytical formulations describing the concentration of a tracer diffusing out of a cylinder or a hollow cylinder, we can calculate the corresponding pore diffusion coefficient.
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Dates and versions

hal-02404175 , version 1 (11-12-2019)

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Marc Fleury, Guillaume Berthe, Thibaud Chevalier. Diffusion of water in industrial cement and concrete. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2019, 56, pp.32-36. ⟨10.1016/j.mri.2018.09.010⟩. ⟨hal-02404175⟩

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