Numerical investigations on hydrogen-enhanced combustion in ultra-lean gasoline spark-ignition engines

Abstract : Performance of lean burn gasoline spark-ignition engines can be enhanced through hydrogen supplementation. Thanks to its physicochemi-cal properties, hydrogen supports the flame propagation and extends the dilution limits with improved combustion stability. These interesting features usually result in decreased emissions and improved efficiencies. This article aims at demonstrating how hydrogen can support the combustion process with a modern combustion system optimized for high dilution resistance and efficiency. To achieve this, chemical kinetics calculations are first performed in order to quantify the impacts of hydrogen addition on the laminar flame speed and on the auto-ignition delay times of air/gasoline mixtures. These data are then implemented in the ECFM and TKI combustion models in a specifically updated version of the CONVERGE code. 3D CFD engine calculations are then performed at λ = 2 with 3 v/v.% of hydrogen for two operating points. At low load, numerical investigations show that hydrogen enhances the maximal combustion speed and the flame growth just after the spark which is a critical aspect of combustion with diluted mixtures. The flame front propagation is also more isotropic when supported with hydrogen. At mid load, hydrogen improves the combustion speed but also extends the auto-ignition delay times resulting in a better knocking resistance. A maximal indicated efficiency of 48.5% can thus be reached at λ = 2 thanks to an optimal combustion timing.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 23, 2019 - 1:40:48 PM
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Nicolas Iafrate, Mickaël Matrat, Jean-Marc Zaccardi. Numerical investigations on hydrogen-enhanced combustion in ultra-lean gasoline spark-ignition engines. International Journal of Engine Research, SAGE Publications (UK and US), In press, pp.146808741987068. ⟨10.1177/1468087419870688⟩. ⟨hal-02294152⟩

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