An Optimization method for the Configuration of Inter Array Cables for Floating Offshore Wind Farm.

Abstract : IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN) is involved for many years in various projects for the development of floating offshore wind turbines. The commercial deployment of such technologies is planned for 2020. The present paper proposes a methodology for the numerical optimization of the inter array cable configuration. To illustrate the potential of such an optimization, results are presented for a case study with a specific floating foundation concept [1]. The optimization study performed aims to define the least expensive configuration satisfying mechanical constraints under extreme environmental conditions. The parameters to be optimized are the total length, the armoring, the stiffener geometry and the buoyancy modules. The insulated electrical conductors and overall sheath are not concerned by this optimization. The simulations are carried out using DeepLines TM , a Finite Element software dedicated to simulate offshore floating structures in their marine environment. The optimization problem is solved using an IFPEN in-house tool, which integrates a state of the art derivative-free trust region optimization method extended to nonlinear constrained problems. The latter functionality is essential for this type of optimization problem where nonlinear constraints are introduced such as maximum tension, no compression, maximum curvature and elongation, and the aero-hydrodynamic simulation solver does not provide any gradient information. The optimization tool is able to find various local feasible extrema thanks to a multi-start approach, which leads to several solutions of the cable configuration. The sensitivity to the choice of the initial point is demonstrated, illustrating the complexity of the feasible domain and the resulting difficulty in finding the global optimum configuration.
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Yann Poirette, Martin Guiton, Guillaume Huwart, Delphine Sinoquet, Jean Leroy. An Optimization method for the Configuration of Inter Array Cables for Floating Offshore Wind Farm.. OMAE 2017 - International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Artic Engineering, Jun 2017, Trondheim, Norway. ⟨hal-02284402⟩

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