Zn(II), Mn(II) and Sr(II) Behavior in a Natural Carbonate Reservoir System. Part I: Impact of Salinity, Initial pH and Initial Zn(II) Concentration in Atmospheric Conditions

Abstract : The sorption of inorganic elements on carbonate minerals is well known in strictly controlled conditions which limit the impact of other phenomena such as dissolution and/or precipitation. In this study, we evidence the behavior of Zn(II) (initially in solution) and two trace elements, Mn(II) and Sr(II) (released by carbonate dissolution) in the context of a leakage from a CO 2 storage site. The initial pH chosen are either equal to the pH of the water-CO 2 equilibrium (~2.98) or equal to the pH of the water-CO 2-calcite system (~4.8) in CO 2 storage conditions. From this initial influx of liquid, saturated or not with respect to calcite, the batch experiments evolve freely to their equilibrium, as it would occur in a natural context after a perturbation. The batch experiments are carried out on two natural carbonates (from Lavoux and St-Emilion) with P CO 2 = 10 À3.5 bar, with different initial conditions ([Zn(II)] i from 10 À4 to 10 À6 M, either with pure water or 100 g/L NaCl brine). The equilibrium regarding calcite dissolution is confirmed in all experiments, while the zinc sorption evidenced does not always correspond to the two-step mechanism described in the literature. A preferential sorption of about 10% of the concentration is evidenced for Mn(II) in aqueous experiments, while Sr(II) is more sorbed in saline conditions. This study also shows that this preferential sorption, depending on the salinity, is independent of the natural carbonate considered. Then, the simulations carried out with PHREEQC show that experiments and simulations match well concerning the equilibrium of dissolution and the sole zinc sorption, with log K Zn(II)~2 in pure water and close to 4 in high salinity conditions. When the simulations were possible, the log K values for Mn(II) and Sr(II) were much different from those in the literature obtained by sorption in controlled conditions. It is shown that a new conceptual model regarding multiple Trace Elements (TE) sorption is required, to enable us to better understand the fate of contaminants in natural systems. Résumé-Comportement du Zn(II), Mn(II) et Sr(II) au sein d'un système réservoir carbonate naturel. Partie 1 : impact de la salinité, du pH initial et de la concentration en Zn(II) en conditions atmosphériques-La sorption d'éléments inorganiques sur les minéraux carbonatés est bien connue
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B. Auffray, B. Garcia, C.-P. Lienemann, L. Sorbier, A. Cerepi. Zn(II), Mn(II) and Sr(II) Behavior in a Natural Carbonate Reservoir System. Part I: Impact of Salinity, Initial pH and Initial Zn(II) Concentration in Atmospheric Conditions. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2016, 71 (4), pp.47. ⟨10.2516/ogst/2015044⟩. ⟨hal-02186776⟩

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