https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02142339Wang, ShihaoShihaoWangColorado School of MinesSobecki, NicolasNicolasSobeckiIFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvellesDing, DidierDidierDingIFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvellesZhu, LingchenLingchenZhuSchlumberger - SchlumbergerWu, Yu-ShuYu-ShuWuColorado School of MinesAccelerating and Stabilizing the Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) Calculation in Compositional Simulation of Unconventional Reservoirs Using Deep Learning Based Flash CalculationHAL CCSD2019reservoir simulation 31proxy calculation30 Flash calculationunconventional reservoirsdeep learning[CHIM] Chemical Sciences[MATH] Mathematics [math][SDU.STU] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth SciencesBelli, Catherine2019-05-28 15:17:282021-11-03 05:37:512020-03-25 14:45:15enJournal articleshttps://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02142339/document10.1016/j.fuel.2019.05.023application/pdf1The flash calculation with large capillary pressure often turns out to be time-consuming and unstable. Consequently, the compositional simulation of unconventional oil/gas reservoirs, where large capillary pressure exists on the vapor-liquid phase interface due to the narrow pore channel, becomes a challenge to traditional reservoir simulation techniques. In this work, we try to resolve this issue by combining deep learning technology with reservoir simulation. We have developed a compositional simulator that is accelerated and stabilized by stochastically-trained proxy flash calculation.We first randomly generated 300,000 data samples from a standalone physical flash calculator. We have constructed a two-step neural network, in which the first step is the classify the phase condition of the system and the second step is to predict the concentration distribution among the determined phases. Each network consists of four hidden layers in between the input layer and the output layer. The network is trained by Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) method with 100 epochs.With given temperature, pressure, feed concentration pore radius, the trained network predicts the phases and concentration distribution in the system with very low computational cost. Our results show that the accuracy of the network is above 97% in the metric of mean absolute percentage error. The predicted result is used as the initial guess of the flash calculation module in the reservoir simulator. With the implementation of the deep learning based flash calculation module, the speed of the simulator has been effectively increased and the stability (in the manner of the ratio of convergence) has been improved as well.