Cfd Aided Development of a Si-Di Engine

Abstract : Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) appears to be the most relevant way to improve fuel efficiency of SI engines. But today, GDI is essentially regarded as a suitable technology for relatively high displacement engines, and the literature shows that the R&D effort on GDI engines is generally made for bores larger than 80 mm. For small bore engines (bore below 75 mm), locating an injector in already congested cylinder heads, with ultra lean stratified combustion capability while maintaining high engine specific power and proper cylinder head cooling is a real challenge. For such an engine, IFP is developing a 3-valve per cylinder engine (NSDI-3), based on a narrow spacingconcept, with a spark-plug-close-to-the-injector design and a suitable piston to confine the gasoline spray within the vicinity of the ignition location. This paper describes the contribution of 3D modeling to the development of this engine, from the initial work during the design of the prototype combustion chamber, to the development and tuning of the prototype engine on the test bench.
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S. Henriot, A. Chaouche, E. Cheve, J. M. Duclos. Cfd Aided Development of a Si-Di Engine. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 1999, 54 (2), pp.279-286. ⟨10.2516/ogst:1999026⟩. ⟨hal-02075798⟩

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