Experimental Characterization and Modeling of the Uniaxial Mechanical Behavior of Polypropylene Before Necking

Abstract : Mechanical tests were performed in the pre-necking domain of polypropylene (PP) to characterize its mechanical behavior. Test results have distinctly characterized both its viscoelastic and its viscoplastic behavior. The usual approach to studying metals was adopted to investigate the effect of heterogeneities on the different features of the viscoplastic behavior of the polymer. Particular developments were necessary to adapt these methods to the semicrystalline polypropylene. By the macroscopic approach initially introduced by Cottrell, the macroscopic stress was split into an effective stress and a back stress so that the interactions between the crystalline lamellae and the amorphous phase could be taken into account. The modeling of the viscoelastoplastic behavior of PP is described by using the partition of total strain into a viscoelastic strain and a viscoplastic strain. The rheological model of Zener was used and improved with the experimental observations to model the viscoelastic behavior. As for viscoplastic behavior modeling, it's based on the characterization of the mechanical behavior in terms of effective stress and back stress associated with incompatibilities of deformation.
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D. Lai, N. Brusselle-Dupend, X. Feaugas, M. Guigon, M. Clavel. Experimental Characterization and Modeling of the Uniaxial Mechanical Behavior of Polypropylene Before Necking. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2002, 57 (2), pp.155-168. ⟨10.2516/ogst:2002012⟩. ⟨hal-02043928⟩

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