Genes Involved in the Degradation of Ether Fuels by Bacteria of the Mycobacterium/Rhodococcus Group

Abstract : A cluster of genes encoding a cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase system involved in the utilisation of ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) was cloned in Rhodococcus ruber IFP 2001. This cluster includes ethR, a putative regulator gene of the araC/xylS family; ethA, encoding a ferredoxin reductase; ethB, encoding a cytochrome P-450, ethC, encoding a ferredoxin; and ethD, which is required for the function of the monooxygenase system, but whose exact role is unknown. The ethRABCD cluster is flanked on either side by two identical copies of a class II transposon, which explains that it is lost at high frequency by homologous recombination when the strain is grown under non selective conditions. Two other, highly conserved clusters of eth genes were detected in the ETBE-utilizing strains Rhodococcus zopfii IFP 2005 and Mycobacterium sp. IFP 2009. In all cases, the eth locus is inserted in a different genomic context, suggesting that it may be transferred horizontally between different species and inserted at different sites in the genome. In addition, in R. zopfii IFP 2005, the downstream copy of the transposon carries a 117-bp (base pairs) deletion; in Mycobacterium sp. IFP 2009, the upstream copy is absent and the downstream copy is inserted 2771 bp closer to the ethRABCD cluster.
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P. Beguin, S. Chauvaux, I. Miras, A. François, F. Fayolle, et al.. Genes Involved in the Degradation of Ether Fuels by Bacteria of the Mycobacterium/Rhodococcus Group. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2003, 58 (4), pp.489-495. ⟨10.2516/ogst:2003032⟩. ⟨hal-02043877⟩

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