The 3-Zones Extended Coherent Flame Model (Ecfm3z) for Computing Premixed/Diffusion Combustion

Abstract : The Extended Coherent Flame Model of Colin et al. (2003) developed to model combustion in perfectly or partially mixed mixtures is adapted to also account for unmixed combustion. The ECFM model is based on a flame surface density equation which takes into account the wrinkling of the flame front surface by turbulent eddies and a conditioning averaging technique which allows precise reconstruction of local properties in fresh and burned gases even in the case of high levels of local fuel stratification. This model has been used with success in gasoline engines (Duclos et al., 1996; Duclos and Zolver, 1998; Lafossas et al., 2002; Henriot et al., 2003; Kleemann et al., 2003). In order to adapt the model to unmixed combustion for Diesel application, a description of the mixing state has been added. It is represented by three mixing zones: a pure fuel zone, a pure air plus possible residual gases zone and a mixed zone in which the ECFM combustion model is applied. A mixing model is presented which allows progressive mixing of the initially unmixed fuel and air. This new combustion model, called ECFM3Z (3-Zones Extended Coherent Flame Model), can therefore be seen as a simplified CMC (Conditional Moment Closure) type model where the mixture fraction space would be discretized by only three points. The conditioning technique is extended to the three mixing zones and allows to reconstruct, like in the ECFM model, the gas properties in the unburned and burned gases of the mixed zone. Application of the model to internal combustion engine calculations implies the necessity of auto-ignition modelling coupled to premixed and diffusion flames description. Auto-ignition is modelled following (Colin et al., 2004), while the premixed turbulent flame description is given by the ECFM. The diffusion flame is now accounted for thanks to the three zones mixing structure which represents phenomenologically the diffusion of fuel and air towards the reactive layer, that is the mixed zone. The ECFM3Z combustion model has already been presented (Béard et al., 2003) in a comparative work between Diesel experiments and corresponding calculations covering different engine operating points. Here, the model is presented in all its details and its behavior is analysed when the relative duration of injection and auto-ignition delay are varied in a direct injection Diesel engine. It is shown that the model is able to reproduce the relative importance of auto-ignition and diffusion flame on the total heat release, depending on the engine operating point considered.
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O. Colin, A. Benkenida. The 3-Zones Extended Coherent Flame Model (Ecfm3z) for Computing Premixed/Diffusion Combustion. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2004, 59 (6), pp.593-609. ⟨10.2516/ogst:2004043⟩. ⟨hal-02017326⟩

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