Application to Petroleum Engineering of Statistical Thermodynamics – Based Equations of State

Abstract : Cubic equations of state (EOS) have proven their utility to the petroleum engineers for many decades. Their predictive power remains, however, limited. Statistical mechanical approaches have meanwhile grown allowing the development of powerful engineering equations of state. In particular, this paper investigates how equations that are based on the association term of Wertheim can improve significantly the predictive power in petroleum applications. Three distinct issues are discussed. Mixtures of associating components such as water or methanol with hydrocarbons have so far represented one of the main challenges for the predictive power of equations of state. It is shown that the CPA equation, that combines the classical SRK EOS with the association term of Wertheim, provides a significant improvement for both methanol-hydrocarbon and water-hydrocarbon mixtures. The physical significance of the SAFT parameters makes it possible to develop a group contributions method for their determination. Using this approach, it becomes possible to predict vapour pressure and liquid volume of heavy molecules. This is shown for a number of families, such as n-alkanes, n-alcohols, 1-olefins as well as for isomers of methyl-alkanes. Finally, the improved predictions resulting from the use of polar terms with SAFT are illustrated. The effect of the quadrupole is clearly shown with an aromatic-non aromatic mixture. Including a dipolar interaction makes it possible to differentiate the behaviour of the cis and the trans 2-butene isomers.
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J.C. de Hemptine, P. Mougin, A. Barreau, L. Ruffine, S. Tamouza, et al.. Application to Petroleum Engineering of Statistical Thermodynamics – Based Equations of State. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2006, 61 (3), pp.363-386. ⟨10.2516/ogst:2006039a⟩. ⟨hal-02005829⟩

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