Simultaneous ex-situ CO 2 mineral sequestration and hydrogen production from olivine-bearing mine tailings

Abstract : Hydrothermal alteration batch experiments were conducted on olivine bearing mine tailings in order to investigate two potential valorization methods: the ex-situ CO2 sequestration and hydrogen production. The originality of this work lies in the simultaneous investigation of these two processes. We reacted powdered mine tailings with CO2-saturated water at three different sets of P/T conditions, 473 K/15 MPa, 523 K/30 MPa and 573 K/30 MPa. After 25 days of reaction, CO2 was sequestered in the form of Fe-bearing magnesite, (Mg,Fe)CO3 in all the experiments. Maximum carbonation yield was achieved at 523 K and 30 MPa, which was 53.8 wt.% of product, equivalent to the trapping of 320.5 g of CO2 per kg of mine tailings. Hydrogen gas was produced via the oxidation of Fe2+ in olivine. The highest quantity of hydrogen (H2) was produced at 573 K/30 MPa which was 0.57 g of H2 per kg of mine tailings. It suggests that the temperatures between 523 K and 540 K at pCO2 = 30 MPa are favorable for simultaneous ex-situ CO2 mineral sequestration and hydrogen production from New Caledonian mine tailings. The combined method of ex-situ CO2 storage and hydrogen production proposed by this study offsets 90% of New Caledonia's annual CO2 emissions while compensating ∼10% of New Caledonia's annual energy demand. More globally, it has implications for cost effective disposal of industrial CO2 emissions and production of hydrogen gas (clean energy) at a large scale; those two processes could be combined using the residual heat provided by a third one such as the high temperature smelting of ore.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 18, 2018 - 11:30:04 AM
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Kanchana Kularatne, Olivier Sissmann, Eric Kohler, Michel Chardin, Sonia Noirez, et al.. Simultaneous ex-situ CO 2 mineral sequestration and hydrogen production from olivine-bearing mine tailings. Applied Geochemistry, Elsevier, 2018, 95, pp.195 - 205. ⟨10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.05.020⟩. ⟨hal-01894631⟩

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