Building a 3D faulted a priori model for stratigraphic inversion: illustration of a new methodology applied on a North Sea field case study

Abstract : Accurate reservoir characterization is needed all along the development of an oil and gas field study. It helps building 3D numerical reservoir simulation models for estimating the original oil and gas volumes in place and for simulating fluid flow behaviors. At a later stage of the field development, reservoir characterization can also help deciding which recovery techniques need to be used for fluids extraction. In complex media, such as faulted reservoirs, flow behavior predictions within volumes close to faults can be a very challenging issue. During the development plan, it is necessary to determine which types of communication exist between faults or which potential barriers exist for fluid flows. The solving of these issues rests on accurate fault characterization. In most cases, faults are not preserved along reservoir characterization workflows. The memory of the interpreted faults from seismic is not kept during seismic inversion and further interpretation of the result. The goal of our study is at first to integrate a 3D fault network as a priori information into a model-based stratigraphic inversion procedure. Secondly, we apply our methodology on a well-known oil and gas case study over a typical North Sea field (UK Northern North Sea) in order to demonstrate its added value for determining reservoir properties. More precisely, the a priori model is composed of several geological units populated by physical attributes, they are extrapolated from well log data following the deposition mode, but usually a priori model building methods respect neither the 3D fault geometry nor the stratification dips on the fault sides. We address this difficulty by applying an efficient flattening method for each stratigraphic unit in our workflow. Even before seismic inversion, the obtained stratigraphic model has been directly used to model synthetic seismic on our case study. Comparisons between synthetic seismic obtained from our 3D fault network model give much lower residuals than ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT
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Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 3:36:07 PM
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Jean-Francois Rainaud, Vincent Clochard, Nicolas Delepine, Thomas Crabie, Mathieu Poudret, et al.. Building a 3D faulted a priori model for stratigraphic inversion: illustration of a new methodology applied on a North Sea field case study. Journal of Applied Geophysics, Elsevier, 2018, 154, pp.128 - 135. ⟨10.1016/j.jappgeo.2018.04.011⟩. ⟨hal-01880187⟩

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