Toward the control of graphenic foams

Abstract : Graphene-based materials are extensively studied, due to their excellent properties and their wide range of possible applications. Attention has recently been paid to three-dimensional-like graphenic structures, such as crumpled graphene sheets and graphenic foams: these kinds of materials can combine the properties of graphene associating high surface area and porosity, what is particularly interesting for energy or catalysis applications. Most of the synthesis methods leading to such structures are based on graphite oxide exfoliation and re-assembly, but in this work we focus on the preparation of graphenic foams by a solvothermal-based process. We performed a solvothermal reaction between ethanol and sodium at 220°C, during 72 h, under 200 bar, followed by a pyrolysis under nitrogen flow. An extended study of the influence of the temperature (800°C–900°C) of pyrolysis evidences an unexpected strong effect of this parameter on the characteristics of the materials. The optimal conditions provide multi-layer graphene (10 layers) foam with a surface area of 2000 m2·g−1. This work is an important step for the understanding of the mechanisms of the thermal treatment. Post-treatments in different experimental conditions are performed in order to modulate the structure and properties of the graphenic foams.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 11:00:52 AM
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Lucie Speyer, Océane Louppe, Sébastien Fontana, Sébastien Cahen, Claire Hérold. Toward the control of graphenic foams. Pure and Applied Chemistry, De Gruyter, 2017, 89 (4), pp.565-577. ⟨10.1515/pac-2016-1117⟩. ⟨hal-01760332⟩

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