Dynamique d'un film d'eau de pluie sur un hauban de pont soumis au vent.

Abstract : Cables of cable-stayed bridges are likely to vibrate under the combined effect of rain and wind (Rain-Wind-Induced Vibrations, RWIV). During RWIV, 2 water rivulets are always observed along the involved cables. Moreover, a recent experiment (Alam and Zhou 2005), carried out with a fixed and rigid cylinder shows that the wake is considerably perturbed by the presence of rivulets. We present a new model describing the evolution of a thin water film surrounding a cylinder subject to wind that predicts the appearance of rivulets as well as their position and shape. We furthermore show that the rivulets only exist within a limited interval of Weber number (nondimensional number comparing wind effect and surface tension). A model for the interaction between the rivulets and the airflow that generated them is then exposed. In a Weber number interval, the wake behavior deviates from the Strouhal's law and the fluctuating transverse force on the cylinder is amplified: lock-in between the rivulets and the oscillating wake dynamics occurs. This yields an explanation for Alam's experiments. For configurations allowing RWIV of stay cables, the interval of rivulets existence and the interval of force amplification overlap. Does this mean that RWIV may be due to a rivulets-wake lock-in?
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Cécile Lemaitre. Dynamique d'un film d'eau de pluie sur un hauban de pont soumis au vent.. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2006. Français. ⟨pastel-00003072v2⟩

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