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Small-RNA sequencing identifies dynamic microRNA deregulation during skeletal muscle lineage progression

Abstract : Skeletal muscle satellite cells are quiescent adult resident stem cells that activate, proliferate and differentiate to generate myofibres following injury. They harbour a robust proliferation potential and self-renewing capacity enabling lifelong muscle regeneration. Although several classes of microRNAs were shown to regulate adult myogenesis, systematic examination of stage-specific microRNAs during lineage progression from the quiescent state is lacking. Here we provide a genome-wide assessment of the expression of small RNAs during the quiescence/activation transition and differentiation by RNA-sequencing. We show that the majority of small RNAs present in quiescent, activated and differentiated muscle cells belong to the microRNA class. Furthermore, by comparing expression in distinct cell states, we report a massive and dynamic regulation of microRNAs, both in numbers and amplitude, highlighting their pivotal role in regulation of quiescence, activation and differentiation. We also identify a number of microRNAs with reliable and specific expression in quiescence including several maternally-expressed miRNAs generated at the imprinted Dlk1-Dio3 locus. Unexpectedly, the majority of class-switching miRNAs are associated with the quiescence/activation transition suggesting a poised program that is actively repressed. These data constitute a key resource for functional analyses of miRNAs in skeletal myogenesis, and more broadly, in the regulation of stem cell self-renewal and tissue homeostasis.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01744478
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 27, 2018 - 2:09:32 PM
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David Castel, Meryem B Baghdadi, Sébastien Mella, Barbara Gayraud-Morel, Virginie Marty, et al.. Small-RNA sequencing identifies dynamic microRNA deregulation during skeletal muscle lineage progression. Scientific Reports, 2018, 8, pp.4208. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-21991-w⟩. ⟨hal-01744478⟩

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