Liquid-surface entrainment induced by a planar shock wave

Abstract : Recently, we experimentally studied, in shock tube environment, shock waves sliding over horizontal free water layers having depths of 10 mm, 20 mm, and 30 mm for shock wave Mach numbers M is respectively equal to 1.1 and 1.4. The qualitative interaction process was observed by means of a high-speed visualizations and arising pressures in the air and in the water layer were measured and interpreted in terms of the various incident and refracted shock waves in air and water; in particular it was concluded that the compression wave in the water is driven by the planar shock wave in the air. Additional experiments have been conducted and the novel contributions of the present technical note are quantitative results about the liquid-surface entrain-ment. At low Mach number (M is =1.1), we show that the velocity of the droplets ejected into the air is independent of the water depth, unlike the wavelength of initial ripples and the angle of ejection. When the shock wave strength increases (M is =1.4) the dispersion of a very thin droplet mist and a single large wave take place. We show that the thickening of the water mist and the velocity of the subsequent large wave decreases with the water-layer depth.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 8:45:15 AM
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Georges Jourdan, A. Marty, A. Allou, J.-D. Parisse. Liquid-surface entrainment induced by a planar shock wave. Shock Waves, Springer Verlag, 2019, 29 (2), pp.361-364. ⟨10.1007/s00193-018-0807-3⟩. ⟨hal-02080769⟩

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