Physics of particulate flows: From sand avalanche to active suspensions in plants

Abstract : Flows of granular media in air or in a liquid have been a research field for physicists for several decades. Sometimes solid, sometimes liquid, these particulate materials exhibit peculiar behaviors, which have motivated many studies at the frontiers between nonlinear physics, soft matter physics and fluid mechanics. This paper presents a summary of the recent advances in the field, with a focus on the development of continuous approaches, which make it possible to treat granular media as a complex fluid and to develop a granular hydrodynamics. We also discuss how the better understanding of granular flows we have today may help to address more complex materials, such as colloidal suspensions or some biological systems. © 2018 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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Yoel Forterre, Olivier Pouliquen. Physics of particulate flows: From sand avalanche to active suspensions in plants. Comptes Rendus Physique, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 19 (5), pp.271-284. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2018.10.003⟩. ⟨hal-02080014⟩

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