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A morphological trait involved in reproductive isolation between Drosophila sister species is sensitive to temperature

Abstract : Male genitalia are usually extremely divergent between closely related species, but relatively constant within one species. Here we examine the effect of temperature on the shape of the ventral branches, a male genital structure involved in reproductive isolation, in the sister species Drosophila santomea and Drosophila yakuba. We designed a semi-automatic measurement machine learning pipeline that can reliably identify curvatures and landmarks based on manually digitized contours of the ventral branches. With this method, we observed that temperature does not affect ventral branches in D. yakuba but that in D. santomea ventral branches tend to morph into a D. yakuba-like shape at lower temperature. We found that male genitalia structures involved in reproductive isolation can be relatively variable within one species and can resemble the shape of closely related species' genitalia through plasticity to temperature. Our results suggest that reproductive isolation mechanisms can be dependent on the environmental context.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03275945
Contributor : Hal Sorbonne Université Gestionnaire <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 3:09:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 9:08:50 AM

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Alexandre Peluffo, Mehdi Hamdani, Alejandra Vargas-Valderrama, Jean David, François Mallard, et al.. A morphological trait involved in reproductive isolation between Drosophila sister species is sensitive to temperature. Ecology and Evolution, Wiley Open Access, 2021, 11 (12), pp.7492-7506. ⟨10.1002/ece3.7580⟩. ⟨hal-03275945⟩

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