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A proteomic view of cellular responses of macrophages to copper when added as ion or as copper-polyacrylate complex

Bastien Dalzon 1 Julie Devcic 1 Joanna Bons 2 Anaëlle Torres 1 Hélène Diemer 2 Stéphane Ravanel 3 Véronique Collin-Faure 1 Sarah Cianférani 2 Christine Carapito 2 Thierry Rabilloud 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 PROMIT - Protéomique pour la Microbiologie, l'Immunilogie et la Toxicologie
LCBM - UMR 5249 - Laboratoire de Chimie et Biologie des Métaux
2 LSMBO - Laboratoire de Spectrométrie de Masse BioOrganique [Strasbourg]
DSA-IPHC - Département Sciences Analytiques et Interactions Ioniques et Biomoléculaires
3 MetalStress - Plantes, Stress & Métaux
LPCV - Physiologie cellulaire et végétale
Abstract : Copper is an essential metal for life, but is toxic at high concentrations. In mammalian cells, two copper transporters are known, CTR1 and CTR2. In order to gain insights on the possible influence of the import pathway on cellular responses to copper, two copper challenges were compared: one with copper ion, which is likely to use preferentially CTR1, and one with a copper-polyacrylate complex, which will be internalized via the endosomal pathway and is likely to use preferentially CTR2. A model system consisting in the J774A1 mouse macrophage system, with a strong endosomal/lysosomal pathway, was used. In order to gain wide insights into the cellular responses to copper, a proteomic approach was used. The proteomic results were validated by targeted experiments, and showed differential effects of the import mode on cellular physiology parameters. While the mitochondrial transmembrane potential was kept constant, a depletion in the free glutahione content was observed with copper (ion and polylacrylate complex). Both copper-polyacrylate and polyacrylate induced perturbations in the cytoskeleton and in phagocytosis. Inflammatory responses were also differently altered by copper ion and copper-polyacrylate. Copper-polyacrylate also perturbed several metabolic enzymes. Lastly, enzymes were used as a test set to assess the predictive value of proteomics. SIGNIFICANCE: Proteomic profiling provides an in depth analysis of the alterations induced on cells by copper under two different exposure modes to this metal, namely as the free ion or as a complex with polyacrylate. The cellular responses were substantially different between the two exposure modes, although some cellular effects are shared, such as the depletion in free glutathione. Targeted experiments were used to confirm the proteomic results. Some metabolic enzymes showed altered activities after exposure to the copper-polyacrylate complex. The basal inflammatory responses were different for copper ion and for the copper-polyacrylate complex, while the two forms of copper inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 10:37:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 4:42:02 PM
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Bastien Dalzon, Julie Devcic, Joanna Bons, Anaëlle Torres, Hélène Diemer, et al.. A proteomic view of cellular responses of macrophages to copper when added as ion or as copper-polyacrylate complex. Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2021, 239, pp.104178. ⟨10.1016/j.jprot.2021.104178⟩. ⟨hal-03223058⟩

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