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Identifying recharge under subtle ephemeral features in a flat-lying semi-arid region using a combined geophysical approach

Abstract : Identifying and quantifying recharge processes linked to ephemeral surface water features is challenging due to their episodic nature. We use a combination of well-established near-surface geophysical methods to provide evidence of a surface and groundwater connection under a small ephemeral recharge feature in a flat, semi-arid region near Adelaide, Australia. We use a seismic survey to obtain P-wave velocity through travel-time tomography and S-wave velocity through the multichannel analysis of surface waves. The ratios between P-wave and S-wave velocities are used to calculate Poisson's ratio, which allow us to infer the position of the water table. Separate geophysical surveys were used to obtain electrical conductivity measurements from time-domain electromagnetics and water contents from downhole nuclear magnetic resonance. The geophysical observations provide evidence to support a groundwater mound underneath a subtle ephemeral surface water feature. Our results suggest that recharge is localized and that small-scale ephemeral features may play an important role in groundwater recharge. Furthermore, we show that a combined geophysical approach can provide a perspective that helps shape the hydrogeological conceptualization of a semi-arid region.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 3:41:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 11, 2022 - 3:41:30 AM

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Brady A. Flinchum, Eddie Banks, Michael Hatch, Okke Batelaan, Luk J. M. Peeters, et al.. Identifying recharge under subtle ephemeral features in a flat-lying semi-arid region using a combined geophysical approach. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2020, 24, pp.4353-4368. ⟨10.5194/hess-24-4353-2020⟩. ⟨insu-03748803⟩

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