Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets.: XIX. Characterization and dynamics of the GJ 876 planetary system

Abstract : Precise radial-velocity measurements for data acquired with the HARPS spectrograph infer that three planets orbit the M 4 dwarf star GJ 876. In particular, we confirm the existence of planet d, which orbits every 1.93785 days. We find that its orbit may have significant eccentricity (e = 0.14), and deduce a more accurate estimate of its minimum mass of 6.3 M⊕. Dynamical modeling of the HARPS measurements combined with literature velocities from the Keck Observatory strongly constrain the orbital inclinations of the b and c planets. We find that ib = 48.9◦ ± 1.0◦ and ic = 48.1◦ ± 2.1◦, which infers the true planet masses of Mb = 2.64 ± 0.04 MJup and Mc = 0.83 ± 0.03 MJup, respectively. Radial velocities alone, in this favorable case, can therefore fully determine the orbital architecture of a multi-planet system, without the input from astrometry or transits. The orbits of the two giant planets are nearly coplanar, and their 2:1 mean motion resonance ensures stability over at least 5 Gyr. The libration amplitude is smaller than 2◦, suggesting that it was damped by some dissipative process during planet formation. The system has space for a stable fourth planet in a 4:1 mean motion resonance with planet b, with a period around 15 days. The radial velocity measurements constrain the mass of this possible additional planet to be at most that of the Earth.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [46 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00462209
Contributor : Catherine Cardon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 16, 2020 - 3:04:09 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 19, 2020 - 4:50:45 AM

File

aa12700-09.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Citation

A.C.M. Correia, J. Couetdic, Jacques Laskar, X. Bonfils, M. Mayor, et al.. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets.: XIX. Characterization and dynamics of the GJ 876 planetary system. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2010, 511, pp.A21. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/200912700⟩. ⟨hal-00462209⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

571

Files downloads

17