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Polycomb mutant partially suppresses DNA hypomethylation–associated phenotypes in Arabidopsis

Abstract : In plants and mammals, DNA methylation and histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3), which is deposited by the polycomb repressive complex 2, are considered as two specialized systems for the epigenetic silencing of transposable element (TE) and genes, respectively. Nevertheless, many TE sequences acquire H3K27me3 when DNA methylation is lost. Here, we show in Arabidopsis thaliana that the gain of H3K27me3 observed at hundreds of TEs in the ddm1 mutant defective in the maintenance of DNA methylation, essentially depends on CURLY LEAF (CLF), one of two partially redundant H3K27 methyltransferases active in vegetative tissues. Surprisingly, the complete loss of H3K27me3 in ddm1 clf double mutant plants was not associated with further reactivation of TE expression nor with a burst of transposition. Instead, ddm1 clf plants exhibited less activated TEs, and a chromatin recompaction as well as hypermethylation of linker DNA compared with ddm1. Thus, a mutation in polycomb repressive complex 2 does not aggravate the molecular phenotypes linked to ddm1 but instead partially suppresses them, challenging our assumptions of the relationship between two conserved epigenetic silencing pathways.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03092577
Contributor : Angelique Deleris <>
Submitted on : Saturday, January 2, 2021 - 3:25:55 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 10:25:59 AM

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Martin Rougée, Leandro Quadrana, Jérôme Zervudacki, Valentin Hure, Vincent Colot, et al.. Polycomb mutant partially suppresses DNA hypomethylation–associated phenotypes in Arabidopsis. Life Science Alliance, Life Science Alliance LLC, 2021, 4 (2), pp.e202000848. ⟨10.26508/lsa.202000848⟩. ⟨hal-03092577⟩

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