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Hydrogen production from raw bioethanol over Rh/MgAl2O4 catalyst

Abstract : The effect of various impurities added in a pure ethanol + water mixture was studied. The impurities chosen were acetic acid, diethylamine, butanol, butanal, ethyl acetate and diethylether. It was shown that the addition of diethylamine or butanal increases the ethanol conversion, compared to that obtained with a pure ethanol + water mixture, without changing the product selectivity. In the presence of the other impurities, butanol, ethylether and ethyl acetate, a strong deactivation of the catalyst with a decreased ethanol conversion was observed. Moreover, the selectivity in hydrogen was also strongly decreased, whereas an increase in intermediate products especially ethylene was observed. The deactivation was explained in terms of coke deposition at the catalyst surface. The poisoning effect induced by the presence of impurities can be classified in the following increasing order: diethylamine ∼ butanal < no impurity < acetic acid < butanol < diethylether ∼ ethyl acetate.
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Anthony Le Valant, Anthony Garron, Nicolas Bion, Florence Epron, Daniel Duprez. Hydrogen production from raw bioethanol over Rh/MgAl2O4 catalyst. Catalysis Today, Elsevier, 2008, 138 (3-4), pp.169-174. ⟨10.1016/j.cattod.2008.06.013⟩. ⟨hal-02109903⟩



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