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From well-defined poly(N-acryloylmorpholine)-stabilized nanospheres to uniform mannuronan- and guluronan-decorated nanoparticles by RAFT polymerization-induced self-assembly

Abstract : Non-ionic poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) (PNAM)-decorated polystyrene (PS) particles were synthesized by polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) in emulsion, mediated by the reversible additionfragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) technique, in a one-pot/two-step process. PNAM was first prepared by RAFT polymerization in water using 4-cyano-4-thiothiopropylsulfanyl pentanoic acid (CTPPA) as chain transfer agent. Chain extension of PNAM by a PS block was then accomplished by the polymerization of styrene in water. Spherical nanoparticles (number-average diameter < 60 nm) exclusively composed of well-defined PNAM-b-PS amphiphilic block copolymers (1.1 < D < 1.4) were successfully obtained under a broad range of conditions (PNAM number-average molar mass of 2000, 4000 and 8000 g mol(-1), and average polymerization degree of the PS block from 150 up to 1600). Mannuronan (ManA(17))-and guluronan (GulA(20))-decorated nanoparticles were further synthesized according to a similar PISA process. Glycuronan macromonomers carrying a methacrylate polymerizable group (ManA(17)MA or GulA(20)MA) were first copolymerized with N-acryloylmorpholine (NAM) under successful RAFT control using CTPPA. The resulting hydrophilic P(NAM-co-ManA(17)MA) and P(NAM-co-GulA(20)MA) macroRAFT agents were then used to polymerize styrene in water. Spherical glycuronan-decorated nanoparticles composed exclusively of amphiphilic block copolymers were successfully obtained for both glycuronan-based macroRAFT agents. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 3:22:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 12:20:02 PM
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Isabelle Chaduc, Eric Reynaud, Lionel Dumas, Luca Albertin, Franck d'Agosto, et al.. From well-defined poly(N-acryloylmorpholine)-stabilized nanospheres to uniform mannuronan- and guluronan-decorated nanoparticles by RAFT polymerization-induced self-assembly. Polymer, Elsevier, 2016, 106, pp.218-228. ⟨10.1016/j.polymer.2016.08.072⟩. ⟨hal-01576608⟩

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