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Naître et mourir à Nîmes dans l’Antiquité. L’évolution d’un espace funéraire consacré à l’inhumation des nourrissons et des fœtus du Ier siècle av. n. è. au IIIe siècle de notre ère (colline de Montaury, Nîmes, Gard).

Abstract : During the Roman period, the site located on the hill of Montaury in Nîmes, was established near the western gate of the Augustan enclosure. The rampart, preserved over several hundred meters long, and a funerary space were excavated between 2014 and 2019. The funerary space, excavated between 2017 and 2019, delivered more than 60 burials in a small space of 100 sqm. The graves settled from the end of the 1st century BC until the beginning of the 3rd century AD. The first burials, set up jointly with the development of the rampart construction, welcomed an unselected population, but from the end of the 1st century AD, this area becomes a specific space for the burial of very young children. Funerary practices are very specific; a great care is taken to these burials. They show complex and highly variable practices. The population they welcome is highly selected: tombs of fetuses (sometimes between 5 and 6 months in utero) share the funerary space with the tombs of children who all died before 6 months of life. We note that 4 dog graves are settled with the children tombs. This preliminary study attempts to understand the societal issues behind this kind of funerary space dedicated to young children, and to know in a better way the peri-urban landscape of the city through its funerary spaces and what it says about the organization of the Roman society.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03045603
Contributor : Gaëlle Granier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 9:52:35 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 3:35:49 AM

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Gaëlle Granier, Richard Pellé. Naître et mourir à Nîmes dans l’Antiquité. L’évolution d’un espace funéraire consacré à l’inhumation des nourrissons et des fœtus du Ier siècle av. n. è. au IIIe siècle de notre ère (colline de Montaury, Nîmes, Gard).. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, Springer Verlag, inPress. ⟨hal-03045603⟩

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